For Americans in their 30s and beyond, the threat of gum disease (periodontal disease) is a very real and potentially dangerous condition. Gum disease is particularly dangerous because the progression of the disease is often painless, going undetected until it creates serious problems. Although genetics may play a small role in its development, doctors agree that gum disease is most often directly related to how well people care for their teeth and gums.
Surgical Periodontal Treatment Information:
Surgical Periodontal Treatment involves several different procedures for removing inflamed or infected gum tissue as well as cleaning and restoring tooth or bone tissue damaged by periodontal disease (gum disease). Our procedure involves reducing the size of the pockets that have formed in the gums surrounding your teeth by removing tissue that forms the pockets (called a Gingevectomy).
Treatment may also include flap surgery, which involves cutting and lifting up a small area of the gums around the tooth to remove diseased gum tissue, clean tooth surfaces or smooth and reshape the surrounding bone (called osseous surgery) so that diseased gum tissue can heal and reattach itself.
An additional surgical procedure to graft bone tissue may be recommended where the surrounding bone has deteriorated due to gum disease. Teeth loosened by bone loss may be held in place temporarily or permanently with special braces called splints.
Removing diseased tissue will expose some of the root of your teeth. Treating this condition may involve moving surrounding tissue to cover the exposed root surface and attaching gum tissue taken from elsewhere in your mouth (called a gingival graft).
The success of this treatment depends in part on your effort to receive regular cleanings as directed, brush and floss daily at home, follow a healthy diet, avoid tobacco products and follow other recommendations.
Surgical Periodontal Treatment can help to create a clean environment in which your gums can heal. It also helps to reduce the chances of further gum irritation or infection by making it easier for you to keep your teeth clean. Given your condition, there are no effective alternative treatments for treating severe gum disease and keeping the affected teeth.
Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment Information:
Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment involves thoroughly cleaning your teeth in the office to help heal inflamed or infected gum tissue. Treatment involves removing the bacterial substance known as plaque and harder mineral deposits called calculus from tooth surfaces above and below the gumline (this is called scaling). It may also involve smoothing the roots of your teeth (called root planing).
Your condition will be monitored through regular examinations of your teeth and gums and measurement of the pockets that have formed in the gums surrounding your teeth. Dental X-rays will be taken to check the condition of the roots of your teeth and the bone that supports your teeth. You may also receive medications or a special mouth rinse to help control the growth of bacteria that accumulate around your teeth and cause inflammation and infection of gum tissues.
You will also be taught the proper methods for caring for your teeth at home. The success of this treatment depends in part on your efforts to brush and floss daily, receive regular cleanings as directed, follow a healthy diet, avoid tobacco products and follow other recommendations.
Even though scaling and root planing (SRP) removes a great deal of the bacteria that cause periodontal infection, the instruments used during this mechanical procedure can’t always reach the bacteria that hide in the bottom of pockets or in difficult-to-reach areas. That’s why your dental professional may decide to add a locally administered antibiotic (LAA) helps to kill the bacteria left behind by SRP.